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Andrade LD , Medeiros Z , Pires ML , Pimentel A , Rocha A , Figueredo-Silva J , Coutinho A , Dreyer G .

COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF THREE DIFFERENT DIETHYLCARBAMAZINE REGIMENS IN LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1995 May-Jun;89(3):319-21.

ABSTRACT

To assess the efficacy of diethylcarbamazine (DEC) in clearing Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae (mf) from the circulation, we conducted a single blind hospital-based therapeutic trial of 3 DEC regimens. All patients were assessed by filtration of 1 mL of venous blood taken before and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after DEC administration. The efficacy of a 12 d course of 6 mg/kg DEC once daily was identical to that of a similar course with 2 mg/kg given 3 times daily, indicating that split-dose treatment does not improve mf clearance over single daily drug administration. Microfilarial densities in patients treated only once with 6 mg/kg DEC remained significantly higher at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. However, all 3 treatment regimens proved equally effective in controlling microfilaraemia after 12 months, when 41, 42 and 40% of patients in the 3 treatment groups were amicrofilaraemic. These results suggest that a single DEC dose of 6 mg/kg administered annually or biannually may be a suitable regimen to control bancroftian filariasis in Recife , Brazil .