Noroes J , Addiss D , Amaral F , Coutinho A , Medeiros Z , Dreyer G .
OCCURRENCE OF LIVING ADULT WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI IN THE SCROTAL AREA OF MEN WITH MICROFILARAEMIA.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996 Jan-Feb;90(1):55-6
To determine the frequency with which living adult Wuchereria bancrofti can be detected by ultrasound in the scrotal area of men with filarial infection, we used a 7.5 MHz transducer to perform weekly ultrasound examinations on 100 microfilaraemic men (18-34 years old) from Greater Recife, Brazil. The peculiar pattern of movement that characterizes the adult worm image on ultrasound (the filaria dance sign) was detected in the lymphatic vessels of the spermatic cord in 80 men (bilaterally in 29 men). Among 20 men with no filaria dance sign, the geometric mean microfilarial density was 68/mL, compared with 238/mL and 775/mL among those with unilateral and bilateral filaria dance signs, respectively (P = 0.0001). The lymphatic vessels of the spermatic cord appear to be a common, and perhaps the principal, site of adult W. bancrofti in men with asymptomatic microfilaraemia. Studies are needed to define the relationship between the presence of filarial worms in the scrotal area and the development of filaria-associated morbidity.